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Given By 
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ANNUAL REPORT OF THE SI 1ENDENT 



STON PU: LIC SCH I 3 



1955-58 ? Hi 3 & 

Teachers Department 



Boston 
1955-58 






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WE BUILD 






5. lOSTOHIA 




ANNUAL REPORT 
Of The Superintendent 
Boston Public Schools 
1956—1957 



WE BUILD 




ANNUAL REPORT 

Of The Superintendent 

Boston Public Schools 

1956—1957 








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GEORGE 


F. HURLEY 



JOHN P. McMORROW 
Chairman 




SCHOOL 

COMMITTEE 

1957 




JOSEPH LEE 



TIMOTHY J. McINERNEY 




Boston, October 1, 1957. 

To the School Committee: 

I respectfully submit the seventy-fifth annual report 
of the Superintendent of Public Schools. 

The report covers the school year ending August 31, 
1957. 

Respectfully submitted, 

Dennis C. Haley, 

Superintendent of Public Schools. 



ORGANIZATION OF THE SCHOOL COMMITTEE 

1957 



SCHOOL COMMITTEE OF THE CITY OF BOSTON 

John P. McMorrow, Chairman 
William F. Carr Joseph Lee 

George F. Hurley Atty. Timothy J. McInerney 

& 

OFFICERS OF THE SCHOOL COMMITTEE 
Dennis C. Haley, Superintendent 

ASSISTANT SUPERINTENDENTS 

Frederick J. Gillis Frank J. Herlihy 

D. Leo Daley William H. Ohrenberger 

Philip J. Bond Marguerite G. Sullivan 



X 



Agnes E. Reynolds, Secretary 

Leo J. Burke, Business Manager 

James S. Reardon, Schoolhouse Custodian 

Charles B. McMackin, Engineer 

Thomas C. Heffernan 
Administrative Assistant to the Superintendent 



EDUCATIONAL ORGANIZATION 



BOARD OF EXAMINERS 
Ralph M. Corson, Chief Examiner 



Francis J. Roland 

Examiner 



Mary I. Colwell 

Examiner 



DIRECTORS OF DEPARTMENTS 



Charles E. Schroeder . 

John M. Canty 
Agnes K. Brennan 
Joanna T. Daly 
Elizabeth H. Gilligan 
Mary W. Cauley . 
Francis J. Emery . 
Frances R. Sullivan 
Daniel D. Tierney, Jr. 
Joseph McKenney . 
Mercedes E. O'Brien . 
Martin H. Spellman, M.D. 
Eleanor D. Westfall . 

A. ISABELLE TlMMINS 

Helen F. Cummings 
Joseph A. Hennessey . 



Adult Educational and 

Recreational Activities 

. Business Education 

Distributive Education 

Elementary Supervisors 

. Fine Arts 

Home Economics 

Industrial Arts 

Kindergartens 

Music 

Physical Education 

Practice and Training 

School Hygiene 

School Lunches 

Speech Improvement 

Special Classes 

A udio- Visual Instruction 



BUREAU OF CHILD ACCOUNTING 

Mary B. Cummings, Director . Educational Investigation 

and Measurement 
Maurice J. Downey, Director . . Vocational Guidance 
Charles J. Lynch, Head . . . Statistics and Publicity 
Mary E. MacSwiney, Head . Pupil Adjustment Counseling 
Henry F. Barry, Head Supervisor . . . Attendance 



SPECIALIZED INSTRUCTION OR SERVICE 

Regina I. Driscoll, Assistant in Charge 

Conservation of Eyesight 
Timothy F. Regan, Supervisor . . . Licensed Minors 
Pauline Ehrlich, Assistant in Charge . Lip Reading Classes 
Mary H. Stroup, Supervisor . . Home Instruction to 

Physically Handicapped Children 

Louis L. DeGiacomo, Supervisor Safety 

Elizabeth Burrage, Librarian . . Administration Library 




WE 
BUILD 



During the school year of 1956-1957, plans for improvements 
and advances in many areas were successfully culminated in accord 
with the traditional aim of the Boston Public Schools to provide 
the best in education for the children and the adults of the city. 
Expansion and enrichment of the educational program at all levels 
was enhanced by the progress made in modernizing existing school 
buildings and constructing new units to replace obsolete structures 
or to serve new centers of population. Here are some of the major 
accomplishments of 1956-1957: 

BUILDING CONSTRUCTION AND MAINTENANCE 

Four new elementary schools, one eight-room addition to an 
elementary school, and a junior high school gymnasium completed 
and in use. 

Construction work begun on the Boston Trade High School 
addition and three elementary schools. 

Preparation of plans and securing of land authorized and in 
process for six more building projects: a new technical high school; 
addition of a gymnasium for a district high school; three new ele- 
mentary schools; and an eight-room addition to an elementary 
school. 

Four new play areas constructed adjacent to existing school 
buildings. 

Fifty-eight major maintenance projects completed as part of 
modernization program. 

Elementary Education 

Preparation and trial of revised Course of Study for Elementary 
Schools, Grades I, II, and III, completed. 



Five additional Remedial Read- 
ing Classes organized to bring total 
number to thirty-six in elementary 
schools. 

New report cards adopted for 
Grades I-VI. 

Cumulative records introduced 
in Kindergarten through Grade III 
as first step toward use through 
Grade IX by September, 1963. 




JUNIOR AND SENIOR HIGH SCHOOL EDUCATION 

Citizenship Education made a required course in Grade IX. 

Standardization of all courses in Grades VII through IX com- 
pleted . 

Course in Practical Nursing instituted at Trade High School 
for Girls. 

English High School Annex established in the Boston Clerical 
School Building. 

Amateur radio station W1BTS placed in operation at the 
Boston Trade High School Annex. 

Five awards and four scholarships received by Boston Public 
High School students in 1957 National Scholastic Art Competition 
at Pittsburgh. 

Scholarships to the value of $200,000 awarded to 660 Boston 
high school graduates of the Class of 1957. 

CURRICULUM AND IMPROVEMENT OF INSTRUCTION 

Twenty-two revisions of courses of stud}' completed and ap- 
proved. 

Method of selecting and purchasing textbooks improved. 

Second annual series of in-service courses to aid in the detection 
and correction of juvenile delinquency conducted for all instruc- 
tional personnel. 

In-service training program inaugurated for women teachers 
in the Department of Physical Education. 

Series of workshops conducted for the first time for junior high 
school teachers of Art. 




Evacuation Procedure Program 
and In-school Shelter Program com- 
pleted for all schools and classes; 
Civil Defense Committee of teach- 
ers appointed to prepare manual 
containing information, directives, 
and drill procedures for all schools. 



Science boxes organized for distribution in connection with the 
following new units in General Science: Nuclear Energy, Chemistry 
in Everyday Life, A Study of Radar, How Radiant Energy Serves 
Mankind, and How Science Discoveries Have Helped Body's De- 
fenses Against Harmful Bacteria. 

PERSONNEL 

Refresher courses given for candidates taking special February 
examinations for teaching certificates in specific areas in which short- 
ages existed. 

SPECIAL SERVICES 

Expansion and reorganization of Division of Pupil Adjustment 
Counseling. 

Reorganization of Speech Improvement Classes and adoption 
of new procedures to emphasize classroom speech therapy. 

Administration of 416,306 intelligence and achievement tests by 
Department of Investigation and Measurement. 

More than 100,000 poliomyelitis vaccine inoculations given; 
immunization completed for 73,705 pupils. 

Program and facilities of Department of Adult Educational and 
Recreational Activities served 139,391 citizens and 558 organizations. 

Golden Jubilee observed by Boston Home and School Associ- 
ation. 

On-the-job Training provided for 360 Korean veterans in 283 
active programs. 

Nursery class established at the Horace Mann School for the 
Deaf. 



GENERAL 

School sessions suspended to permit 3,800 teachers and ad- 
ministrators to visit 133 participating business houses and industrial 
plants in first service-wide observance of Business-Education Day. 



NEW 



SCHOOLS 



In 1956 and 1957 seven new 
building units opened their doors 
to receive pupils. These were the 
first units to be completed under 
the $50,000,000 long-range con- 
struction program initiated in 1953 
to replace thirty-eight old buildings 
and to supply modern plant facili- 
ties in new centers of population. 
The present master plan provides 
for the completion of this program 
by 1963. 




MR*" 



To date $16,076,767.67 has been made available from three 
bond issues of $5,000,000 each, totaling $15,000,000; income of 
$237,316.04 from sale of land and buildings; and $839,451.63 from 
tax levies. This sum has been applied to eighteen projects, including 
twelve new buildings and six additions. Three of the new buildings 
have been planned to serve new population areas, and nine to replace 
thirteen existing structures. 



In 1956 and 1957 the following seven units were completed 
and placed in use: 

Eight-room addition, James J. Chittick Elementary School, Hyde Park. 
Columbia Point Elementary School, Dorchester, capacity 1010. 
Eight-room addition, Curtis Guild Elementary School, East Boston. 
Patrick O'Hearn Elementary School, Dorchester, capacity 305. 
Elementary School, Needham Road, Hyde Park, capacity 445. 
Elihu Greenwood Elementary School, Hyde Park, capacity 470. 
Gymnasium, Solomon Lewenberg Junior High School, Dorchester. 

In 1956 and 1957 construction was begun on the following 
units : 

Elementary school, Blackinton-Cheverus District, East Boston, capacity 340. 
Elementaiy school, Henry Grew District, Hyde Park, capacity 305. 
Elementary school, Rice-Franklin District, South End, capacity 795. 
Cafeteria and gymnasium, Boston Trade High School, Roxbury. 

In 1956 and 1957 preparation of architectural plans were 
in process or were completed for the following units: 

Elementary school, Martin District. Roxbury, capacity 890. 

Elementary school, Dwight District, South End, capacity 610. 

Elementary school, Harvard and Warren Districts, Charlestown, capacity 715- 

Elementary school, Lowell District, Jamaica Plain, capacity 610. 

New Boston Technical High School, Roxbury, capacity 1500. 

Eight-room addition, David A. Ellis Elementary School, Roxbury. 

Gymnasium, Dorchester High School. 




Of modern functional design limited to one or two stories where building sites 
permit, all new school structures are planned to provide maximum efficiency in 
the use of interior and exterior space. 

The new Elihu Greenwood Elementary School (above) is a two=story L=Shaped 
building fronting on two streets with play space in the rear. Attractive features 
include the auditorium wing on Metropolitan Avenue and the louvres above the 
recessed Safford Street entrance for light control. 

The Patrick O'Hearn Elementary School (below), which replaces the Elbridge 
Smith Elementary School (inset), is a single=story structure in the form of a 
quadrangle which encloses a large play area accessible from all classrooms. 

Interesting variations in two=story building design are seen on the opposite 
page in the front and rear views of the new elementary school on Needham Road, 
Hyde Park (above), and the Columbia Point Elementary School, Dorchester 
(below). 





The interior of each building has been planned, furnished, and equipped to 
meet the needs of a dynamic educational program; to provide for the comfort, 
convenience, health, and safety of pupils and teachers; and to supply space and 
facilities for community activities. 

All new elementary school buildings have kindergarten rooms; sewing, wood= 
working, and health rooms; teacher conference rooms; and well=equipped ad= 
ministrative offices in addition to regular classrooms. Eighth grade buildings 
also have shops and cooking rooms. The larger buildings have an assembly hall 
and playroom, and the smaller buildings have an all=purpose room. In every 
building the alI=purpose room or playroom is connected with a kitchenette and is 
so located as to be available for neighborhood or community activities as an in= 
dependent unit. 

Spacious classrooms contain child=size movable desks, handwashing facilities, 
drinking fountains, wardrobes or lockers, storage spaces, and bookcases of window= 
sill height. Large window areas and fixtures of modern design supply excellent 
natural and artificial lighting. Generous outdoor play areas are easily accessible 
from all classrooms. Many of these features are shown on the pages in this 
section. 




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Projects already completed or in process will replace thirteen buildings similar 
in design and construction to these schoolhouses of an earlier period. The long= 
range program, as presently planned, provides for the abandonment or demolition 
of twenty=five additional structures like these. To replace them will rise modern 
school buildings like those on the opposite page. 

A modern building with a capacity of 890 pupils will be erected on the site of 
the Thomas Dwight Elementary School, Roxbury (below, left). A modern building 
with a capacity of 610 pupils will replace the Dwight Elementary School, South 
End (above, left) and the Louisa May Alcott Elementary School (not shown). 

The demolition of the two wooden buildings provided sites for new structures 
which are shown in architects' drawings on the opposite page. The new Elihu 
Greenwood Elementary School was completed and ready for occupancy for the 1957 
fall term, and the new Henry Grew Elementary School is in the process of con= 
struction. Both are in Hyde Park. 

Also shown on the opposite page (center) is the architect's drawing of the new 
elementary school, capacity 340 pupils, now under construction in the BIack= 
inton=Cheverus District, East Boston. 




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Maintenance of school buildings is an important and continuing function. 
Fifty=eight major projects were completed last year, and more than 8,000 requi= 
sitions were processed for general maintenance, including roofing, carpentry, 
electrical, and masonry repairs; waterproofing of masonry; installation of emer= 
gency lighting; modernization of electric lighting systems and plumbing facili= 
ties; improvement of handwashing equipment; interior and exterior painting; 
and installation of screens and "grilles to protect windows. More than $500,000 
was expended for this work. 

In addition, heating equipment was serviced, repaired, and installed at a 
cost of $170,000. 





However necessary buildings and I 
maintenance programs are to the opera= ! 
tion of a public school system, they are 
only the background to the important 
activities of the classroom. 

In the classroom the child learns 
and grows as he seeks and finds answers 
under the guidance of competent teach= 
ers. He masters subject matter and 
shares experiences which carry him 
beyond the family group into the larger 
world. He learns to meet his responsi= 
bilities as a citizen. He lays the founda= 




SfcCANADA ftfoO 




tion for his economic future. He learns 
to appreciate moral and cultural values. 
He has the will and the social skills to 
get along with other people. He dis= 
covers his special talents and abilities 
and learns to develop them. 

In the Boston Public Schools, where 
104,000 children and adults were regis= 
tered for day and evening classes, the 
curriculum is richly varied to achieve 
these goals for all students. On the 
next few pages are shown some of the 
day=to=day activities from kindergarten 
through high school. 




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To prepare students for college or 
for careers in business and industry, 
high school offers a wide range of 
subjects in the following courses of 
study: art, business education, college 
preparatory, cooperative industrial, gen= 
eral, home economics, mechanic arts, 
merchandising, and technical prepara= 
tory. Selected scenes from classrooms 
and shops show students at work in 
isuch varied courses as mathematics, 
science, airplane mechanics, baking, 
cooking, dressmaking, hairdressing, ma= 
chine shop practice, and printing. 





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The physical education program is 
based on the needs and interests of 
pupils from elementary grades through 
high school. 

A varied after=school sports program 
is offered in secondary schools. Girls 
may engage in softball, tennis, basket= 
ball, swimming, golf, badminton, and 
bowling. Athletics and intramural 
sports for boys include track, basketball, 
baseball, football, hockey, golf, tennis, 
and long=boat racing. Military drill is 
a required high school subject. 

At all football, basketball, track, and 
hockey games a doctor is in attendance. 
Boys are outfitted with the finest equip= 
ment obtainable and are protected 
from financial loss from injury by the 
Athletic Injury Plan. 







SPECIAL 
SERVICES 




Nineteen special schools, 
departments, and divi= 
sions supplement or par= 
allel the work of thei 
classroom in meeting the 
special needs of individual 
pupils. At least five of i 
these services, which are 
now conducted by public 
school systems through= 
out the nation, were first 
introduced and developed 
in Boston. Several of 
these services are now. 
required by law. The 



Home and School Association 

Horace Mann School for the 
Deaf 

Hospital Classes 

Instruction of Physically Hand= 
icapped 

Licensed Minors 

Lipreading Classes 

M. Gertrude Qodvin School 




Adult Educational and Recre= 
ational Activities 



Attendance 
Certificating Office 
Conservation of Eyesight 
Day School for Immigrants 




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Pupil Adjustment Counseling 

Remedial Reading Classes 

School Hygiene 

Speech Improvement Classes 

Special Classes 

Vocational Guidance 





Well=balanced meals at low cost 
bring happy smiles to the faces of 
many students. Special lunches 
providing one third to one half of 
the daily nutritive requirements 
were served to the number of 
662,971 this year in thirty=three 
junior and senior high school 
cafeterias. 

In addition to the special lunch, 
which is a complete meal, the 
daily menu includes a variety of a 
la carte items. No bottled bever= 
ages except milk are sold in the 
schools, and candy purchases are 
limited to one per child during the 
last ten minutes of the lunch 
period. 

In all schools 11,274,028 one=half 
pint cartons of milk — an average 
of nearly 66,000 daily — were con= 
sumed this year. Of these 400,000 
were served free to undernourished 
children. 




I i * ' A 



These members of the Class of 1957 were among the 653 graduates of Boston 
public high schools who were awarded college freshman scholarships to the value 
of nearly $200,000, a substantial increase over the total amount awarded last year. 
Since many are renewable as the recipients advance in college, the ultimate 
value will be much greater. Scholarships were made available to worthy students 
through the generosity of business, civic, educational, fraternal, and military 
organizations; high school classes and alumni; various funds and foundations; 
and many colleges and universities. 




The Community Relations Program of the Boston Public Schools is expanded 
and strengthened each year, as cooperative activities build new and stronger ties 
between the classroom and the community and provide added opportunities 
for pupils to learn habits of thrift and safety, to engage actively in community 
service, and to enjoy varied experiences of great value in their preparation for 
productive and worthy citizenship. 

Community resources are widely employed to supplement regular courses of 
study at all levels. The elementary school program, for example, provides for 
field trips to the Children's Museum, the Logan Airport, the Mapparium, the 
Museum of Science, and local centers of historical interest. Annually more than 
12,000 pupils in Grades VII, VIII, and IX are transported by bus to the Aluseum of 
Science for planned tours conducted by teachers. In the Civic Education course, 
which is now required for all pupils in Grade IX, study units are based on various 
community services and agencies and are supplemented by tours and visits. 

The schools also cooperate in many excellent programs sponsored by public 
and private groups. Elementary school pupils engage in such activities as the 
United States Thrift Program, the Junior Red Cross, the Junior Fire Department, 
and the M = I Safety Program. Junior and senior high school pupils plan and 
produce posters in connection with several annual community=wide programs 
to promote civic betterment. High school students participate in a wide variety 
of programs including Kiwanis Key Clubs, Junior Rotary, Student Exchange 
Day, Student Government Day, Career Day, and Junior Achievement. Ninety= 
six pupils from twenty elementary and secondary schools gave 5,786 hours of 
service in hospitals and youth agencies in cooperation with the Red Feather 
Junior Volunteer Summer Program inaugurated in 1957. 

In=service training courses, such as the lecture series on the Control and Pre=> 
vention of Delinquency and the Institutes on Making Better Citizens, serve to 
enlarge teacher knowledge and understanding of community resources. The 
annual Business=Education Day and Education=Business Day Programs (above), 
inaugurated on a limited scale in 1955, offer teachers and representatives of 
business and industry the opportunity of exchanging visits, with each group 
gaining a renewed appreciation of the contributions and needs of the othe . 




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WHERE THE SCHOOL DOLLAR COMES FROM 
1956 BUDGET 



Cents Total 

Tax Levies 89.2 $26,384,439.88 

Estimated Amount to be received by the City 
of Boston from the Commonwealth of 
Massachusetts under General Laws, Chap- 
ter 70 (6.9) 2,047,368.00 

Other State Aid : 

Vocational Training 717,379 . 00 

Horace Mann School for the Deaf 133,000. 00 

Americanization Classes 19,000.00 

Conservation of Eyesight and Braille Classes 17,000.00 

Tuition of State Wards 13,000. 00 

Total State Aid 10.0 $2,946,747.00 

United States: 
Vocational Aid 2 63,400. 00 

Other Income: 

Non-resident Tuition 118,500.00 

Sales of Products and Work Done 27,800.00 

Rentals 12,000.00 

Unexpended Balances from 1955 

for General School Purposes . . . $242,3 1 2 . 22 

Less Deficiency in Estimated 

Income, 1955 233,433 . 14 8,879 . 08 

Sundry 22,100.00 

Total Other Income 6 $189,279.08 

Total Net Revenues 100.0 $29,583,865.96* 

* Exclusive of interest, sinking fund, and serial debt requirements. 



HOW THE SCHOOL DOLLAR IS SPENT — 
1956 BUDGET 



Cents Total 

Instruction 73 . 4 821 ,708,046 . 50 

Operation of Plant 11.2 3,326,259.95 

Administration 3.5 1,024,281 .02 

Auxiliary Services 2.8 817,382.49 

Fixed Charges 2.1 617,736.00 

Total 93 . 827,493,705. 96 

Capital Outlay: 

Alterations and Repairs 6.6 81 .952,600 . 00 

Land and Buildings 4 1 37,560 . 00 

Total Capital Outlay 7.0 $2,090,160. 00f 

Total Expenditures 100.0 $29,583,865.96* 



* Exclusive of interest, sinking fund, and serial debt requirements. 
t Exclusive of new construction financed by bond issues. 





City of Boston 

Administrative Services Department 

Printing ,..„;'■...<, Section 



BOSTON PUBLIC U***™ 



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